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Utilitarian blockchain. 1. Assets

Decentralized networks *Research and forecasts in IT *Finance in IT Cryptocurrencies

In the modern world, the term " **blockchain** " is steadily associated with cryptocurrencies, NFTs, mining, trading and financial pyramids. However, even among programmers and IT people there is not always a clear understanding of what it is and what it is for.

This article attempts to look at this still relatively new element of the information and human space in practical and slightly philosophical aspects.

> **Disclaimer**: The article will use simple language to explain non-trivial concepts, so non-critical distortion of technical details is possible.
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Rating 0
Views 662
Comments 0

The Cryptocurrency Bandwagon

Decentralized networks *Cryptography *Cryptocurrencies

The spread of cryptocurrencies contributed to the development of many solutions based on a distributed ledger technology (blockchain). Although the scope of these solutions varies, most of them have the same basic set of security services, i.e. confidentiality, authenticity, and integrity. These features are granted by the practical applications of public key cryptography, in particular,  digital signature (DS). But unlike many other applications of public key cryptography, cryptocurrency networks do not use public key certificates. This is the aspect that we would like to talk about.

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Rating 0
Views 1.1K
Comments 2

Yggdrasil Network: Light in the Dark Depths of Mesh, or the Internet of the Future

Decentralized networks *Network technologies *Mesh networks *

Smoothly the era of mesh-networks is upon us. At the very least, the term is appearing more and more often in the information sphere. What attracts the attention of networkers? Let's try to understand the question, taking Yggdrasil network as an example as one of the most promising prototypes. The article is intended for a wide range of readers.

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Total votes 1: ↑1 and ↓0 +1
Views 3.2K
Comments 0

Decentralized Torrent storage in DHT

Hosting Decentralized networks *Data storages *Distributed systems *

The DHT system has existed for many years now, and torrents along with it, which we successfully use to get any information we want.

Together with this system, there are commands to interact with it. There are not many of them, but only two are needed to create a decentralized database: put and get.

This is what will be discussed below...
Total votes 8: ↑5 and ↓3 +2
Views 1.3K
Comments 0

5 Thought-Provoking Use Cases Of Blockchain In Diverse Industries

Decentralized networks *Cryptography *Habr Infographics Cryptocurrencies

Blockchain is a decentralized technology that maintains a record of all transactions occurring over a peer-to-peer network. Due to Blockchain's several different high-level use cases, numerous industries described Blockchain as the 'magic beans.' 

Blockchains store the record in a decentralized system that is interconnected. This technology lessens vulnerability and enhances transparency in all industrial sectors as information is stored digitally, and it does not have any centralized point to carry out the transactions.

Do You Know?

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Total votes 1: ↑0 and ↓1 -1
Views 685
Comments 1

Y messenger Manifesto

Decentralized networks *Information Security *
Recovery mode

Y messenger - decentralized end-2-end encrypted messenger

We are a team of independent developers. We have created a new messenger, the purpose of which is to solve the critical problems of the modern Internet and the modes of communication it provides. We see users become hostages to the services they have grown accustomed to and we see corporations exploiting their users and controlling them. And we don’t like it. We believe the Internet should be different.
In this Manifesto, we disclose our vision of the Internet and describe what we have done to make it better. If you share our ideas — join us. Together we can achieve more than each of us can alone.

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Total votes 8: ↑3 and ↓5 -2
Views 693
Comments 2

How to develop and publish a smart-contract in the Telegram Open Network (TON)

Decentralized networks *Cryptography *Finance in IT Cryptocurrencies

What is this article about?

In this article, I will tell about my participation in the first (out of two so far) Telegram blockchain contest. I didn't win any prize. However, decided to combine and share the unique experience I have had from the start to finish line, so my observations could help anyone who is interested.

Since I didn't want to write some abstract code, instead make something useful. I created instant lottery smart-contract and website which shows smart-contract data directly from Telegram Open Network (TON) avoiding any middle storage layers.

The article will be particularly useful for those, who want to write their first smart-contract for TON but don't know where to start.

Using the lottery as an example, I will go from setting up the environment to publishing a smart contract, interacting with it. Moreover, I will create a website that will show smart-contract data.

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Views 3.4K
Comments 3

PKI Decentralization: Proposed Approaches to Security Improvement

Decentralized networks *Information Security *Cryptography *Network technologies *
The practical means of applying public key cryptography to secure network communications were introduced by Loren Kohnfelder in his MIT S.B. (BSCSE) thesis written in May 1978. After that, the public key infrastructure (PKI) has gone through several iterations of changes and updates, but it still preserves its traditional methodology. PKI requires implicit trust from a single entity or entities chain called a certificate authority (CA). This approach has led to a breakdown in confidence. However, through the years, having one root entity to control the way public key certificates are issued has shown that it can cause major complications with transparency and security.

In this article, we will once again dive deeper into the problems of PKI and consider the solutions being developed that can overcome existing shortcomings.
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Total votes 3: ↑3 and ↓0 +3
Views 1.8K
Comments 0

Tutorial For Creating Blockchain Solution on Hyperledger Composer

Decentralized networks *System Analysis and Design *Development of mobile applications *Mobile applications design *

Due to modern business demands, IBM joined hands with other companies to develop an open-source business blockchain network called Hyperledger Fabric project that is touching the sky. Due to modular architecture, digital keys, and on-demand data retrieval, hyperledger fabric is regarded as the base for the world’s future modular architecture blockchain-based apps. Further benefits of Hyperledger Fabric are given below to facilitate your interpretation.
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Total votes 7: ↑6 and ↓1 +5
Views 2.2K
Comments 0

DPKI: Addressing the Disadvantages of Centralized PKI by Means of Blockchain

ENCRY corporate blog Decentralized networks *Information Security *Cryptography *Network technologies *

Digital certificates are one of the most commonly known auxiliary tools that help protect data across public networks. However, the key disadvantage of this technology is also commonly known: users are forced to implicitly trust certification authorities which issue digital certificates. Andrey Chmora, Technology and Innovations Director at ENCRY, suggested a new approach for building a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) to eliminate the existing disadvantages using the distributed ledger (blockchain) technology.
Let's begin with the basics.
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Total votes 4: ↑3 and ↓1 +2
Views 2.2K
Comments 0

2019 National Internet Segments Reliability Research & Report

Qrator Labs corporate blog Decentralized networks *IT Infrastructure *Network technologies *IPv6 *

This report explains how the outage of a single AS can affect the connectivity of the impacted region with the rest of the world, especially when it is the dominant ISP on the market. Internet connectivity at the network level is driven by interaction between autonomous systems (AS’s). As the number of alternate routes between AS’s increases, so goes the fault-resistance and stability of the internet across the network. Although some paths inevitably become more important than others, establishing as many alternate routes as possible is the only viable way to ensure an adequately robust system.

The global connectivity of any AS, regardless of whether it is a minor provider or an international giant, depends on the quantity and quality of its paths to Tier-1 ISPs. Usually, Tier-1 implies an international company offering global IP transit service over connections to other Tier-1 providers. But there is no guarantee that such connectivity will be maintained. Only the market can motivate them to peer with other Tier-1’s to deliver the highest quality service. Is that enough? We explore this question in the IPv6 section below. For many ISPs at all levels, losing connection to just one Tier-1 peer would likely render them unreachable in some parts of the world.

Measuring Internet Reliability

Let’s examine a case where an AS experiences significant network degradation. We want to answer the following question: “How many AS’s in the region would lose connectivity with Tier-1 operators and their global availability along with it?”
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Total votes 37: ↑36 and ↓1 +35
Views 3.2K
Comments 2

Blockchain RSA-based random

Waves corporate blog Decentralized networks *Cryptography *Cryptocurrencies
There’s a problem we needed to address in the course of developing our games. It’s complicated to generate a random number in a distributed network. Almost all blockchains have already faced this issue. Indeed, in networks where there is no trust between anyone, the creation of a random number solves a wide range of problems.

In this article, we explain how we solved this problem for our games. The first of these was Waves Xmas Tree.

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Total votes 13: ↑13 and ↓0 +13
Views 1.4K
Comments 0

Long journey to Tox-rs. Part 1

Decentralized networks *Information Security *Instant Messaging *Open source *Rust *
Tox logo

Hi everyone!

I like Tox and respect the participants of this project and their work. In an effort to help Tox developers and users, I looked into the code and noticed potential problems that could lead to a false sense of security. Since I originally published this article in 2016 (in Russian), many improvements have been made to Tox, and I lead a team that re-wrote secure Tox software from scratch using the Rust programming language (check out Tox-rs). I DO recommend using tox in 2019. Let's take a look what actually made us rewrite Tox in Rust.

Original article of 2016

There is an unhealthy tendency to overestimate the security of E2E systems only on the basis that they are E2E. I will present objective facts supplemented with my own comments for you to draw your own conclusions.

Spoiler: The Tox developers agree with my points and my source code pull request was accepted.

Here go facts:
Total votes 25: ↑23 and ↓2 +21
Views 3.1K
Comments 1

How to make possible micro-payments in your app

Decentralized networks *Open source *Payment systems *Programming *Cryptocurrencies

This week I spent coding my very first public pet-app based on Telegram chat bot which acts as a Bitcoin wallet and allows to send and receive tips between Telegram users and other so-called “Lightning Apps”. I assume that you are familiar with Bitcoin & Telegram in general, i’ll try to post short and without deep jump into details. More resources about Bitcoin can be found here and Telegram is simply an instant messenger that allows you to create your custom apps (chat-bots) using their platform.

What are the key points of such app?

  • Allows to rate other users ideas and answers with real value instead of
    ‘virtual likes’. This brings online conversation to completely new level
  • Real example of working micro-payment app which can act with other entities
    over internet using open protocol
  • All the modules are open-source projects and can be easy re-used and adjusted
    for your own project. App does not relay on third-party commercial services.
    Even it falls under e-commerce field, which is currently almost closed, the app
    is based on open solutions.

What are the use-cases?

something like this…

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Total votes 12: ↑11 and ↓1 +10
Views 4.2K
Comments 0

WavesKit — PHP framework for working with Waves Platform

Decentralized networks *Programming *Cryptocurrencies

I like PHP for development speed and excellent portability. It's great to have such a tool in your pocket, always ready to solve problems.

For me it was quite sad that there was no Waves Platform SDK for PHP when i first met this nice blockchain. Well, I had to write such kit.

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Total votes 12: ↑8 and ↓4 +4
Views 1.9K
Comments 0

«Non-Blockchain Games Involving Money Must Die»

Waves corporate blog Decentralized networks *Programming *Game development *Cryptocurrencies

Dmitry Pichulin, known under the nick «deemru», won the game Fhloston Paradise, developed by Tradisys on the Waves blockchain.

The winner of Fhloston Paradise was supposed to be the player paying the very last stake during a 60-block period, before any other player could pay their stake and reset the counter to zero. The winner would collect all stakes paid by other players.

Dmitry's winning recipe was the bot Patrollo, which he created. The bot paid just eight 1 WAVES stakes for Dmitry and eventually won him 4,700 WAVES ($13,100). In this interview, Dmitry discusses his bot and prospects of blockchain games.

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Total votes 21: ↑17 and ↓4 +13
Views 1.5K
Comments 0

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