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Unfinished startups — the AELITA project

AR and VR Medical gadgets Lifehacks for geeks
Translation
Original author: Vladimir Yelin
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Introduction


I spent a long time thinking about whether or not I should write stories like this from the lives of innovators. After all, revealing the essence of unfinished project means you can lose the very foundation of the project, its pizazz and even its know-hows. Moreover, that's already happened to me in one of my projects from 10 years ago. I'm not going to give an example of this situation, it's already been talked about in another article. The story is on this site: intersofteurasia.ru/novosti/605/606.html.

However, considering that modern progress can't be stopped and that sooner or later some curious minds will get to the bottom of a technical solution for something like this, I decided to lift the veil a little bit on the secret life of an innovator.

Be it noted that this unfinished project with the provisional name AELITA is somewhat of a cross between biomedicine, electronics, psychology and much more, so getting it done isn't exactly easy. After all, for projects like this you need enthusiastic people working in different, sometimes diametrically opposed fields of science and technology, but an interdisciplinary approach is capable of giving surprising results if projects like it are completed.

Main part


When my young children went to their first, second and third years of school in 2014-2017, my wife and I noticed that the schools were giving them exorbitant loads of schoolwork at this stage, causing them great fatigue, short attention spans and other symptoms characterised by the modern dynamic lifestyles of schoolchildren. We started thinking about what to do. Reducing the load meant falling behind modern school education or finding other methods and ways to adapt young minds to the flow of information being poured into their head. So I had to remember my specialisation in postgraduate study at Bauman Moscow State Technical University in the Department of Biomedical Technological Systems and Devices during my candidate minimum in medicine and biology. Having analysed these events through the prism of my own knowledge, my wife and I had an epiphany that our kids were suffering from something psychosomatic.

By the way, psychosomatic (coming from «psyche», meaning «mind» and «soma», meaning «body») is a term that is used in a broad sense to mean the various interactions between your mind and your body. At the same time, your psychological condition affects your physiology, at some point everyone has wanted to stay home from school or work and suddenly their throat or their head has started hurting or they start to feel sick or your temperature goes up. It's a completely normal manifestation of the interaction between mind and body.

We started looking for specialists in the field of neurophysiology and psychology. As luck would have it, we came across a wonderful person, a neurological doctor and Candidate of Medical Sciences, Boris Alekseevich Arkhipov. First, we brought our eldest first-grader, and he had a few half-our sessions with the doctor. Then, three years later, we took our youngest to Dr. Arkhipov's wonder AKME Centre. The result of the sessions, as in the first instance, quickly fixed his problems with psychophysical activity and attention in lessons, as well as academic performance and activity after school. As a result, both kids have a high participation score and are active and adaptable to large loads.

I then got very interested in the results of the neuropsychologist Dr Arkhipov's methods (https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Архипов,_Борис_Алексеевич). I decided first to look at the whole process of treating the patient from a distance, and then I went to a session with one of my sons.

Then, with permission from Dr Arkhipov, when I started to thoroughly get to grips with his technology and methods, I made a presentation for investment funds about the nascent AELITA project. Here is a summary:

At the moment, there is a large range of methods and programs to adjust someone's psychophysical condition after various injuries and strokes in adulthood, as well as preventative exercises for children who have undergone injuries during birth and deviations in their development.

However, all the methods to adjust one's psychophysical condition studied are performed under direct control of and with the physical participation of a neurological doctor, thereby increasingly limiting the spread of rehabilitation technology to an increasing number of patients in need of competent methods of rehabilitation due to there being a significantly higher number of patients than doctors with the right specialisation and qualification.

Nevertheless, neuropsychology doctor, Boris Alekseevich Arkhipov has been using his method, accredited by the Russian Ministry of Health and has successfully been applied to patients of all ages from 2-3 years up to more advanced ages, for more than 40 years. It's worth pointing out here that these techniques and procedures to adjust one's psychophysical state during the period mentioned above have been used on more than 20,000 patients of various ages.

The essence of the problem


With children's birth injuries and further development as well as with strokes in adults, some deterioration can occur in parts of the brain. Neuron connections are damaged or disappear, electrophysical anaemia and synapse obstruction can occur, as well as local inhibition of the nervous system responsible for certain functions in the body, and, in particular, processes appear that are responsible for damaging speech functions, resulting in unclear pronunciations of certain sounds and letters. Physical and motor skills are partially disrupted or uncoordinated, leading to delayed maturation or general individual development with delayed cognitive development and development of individual body functions, and adults suffering strokes or injuries are observed needing more time to adapt to normal life and work.

The goal of the AELITA project


Replace the standard functions and manipulations during training procedures and adaptation of the body for patients of all ages to help them return to their normal social lives. Moreover, manipulations performed by a professional neuropsychologist in normal practice can be done in the newly created AELITA hardware and software complex combined with a professional rehabilitation technique, but without needing a doctor, thanks to support from AI technology.

Expand the applicability of this rehabilitation technique, taking into account the availability of AELITA's hardware and software systems in specialised electronics shops to all families and medical institutions using rehabilitation methods for civil, professional and specialised purposes, including its use in cosmetics, particularly to adjust facial symmetry, ptosis and other physical issues.

In the future, when implementing the AELITA project, using the following target functions and evaluation methods were suggested:

Evaluation methods for the AELITA hardward and software system:

  • Spatial and temporal characteristics of motor patterns and random activity in artifically created conditions of hypersensitivity and deprivation.
  • Visual and motor characters when assessing an individual's optomotor and vestibulomotor ontogenetic space.
  • Identifying an individuals actual space by studying visual and motor functions
  • Building an individual map of the spatial organisation of mental functions based on analysis of leading sensory and motor activity.
  • Retrospective ontogenetic evaluation based on analysing psychomotor spacial functions.
  • Prognosis of a child's mental functions based on analysis of their current sensory and motor space.
  • Reconstructing a child's ontogeny based on indentifying dysontogenetic spatial and temporal sensory and motor dysfunction.
  • Building a multi-layer coordination and spatial map of a child's ontogeny based on analysis of their individual visual and motor space.
  • Evaluating a person/child's psychomotor and sensory functions based on modeling of their visual-kinaesthetic praxis.

As you can see, the task is not one of the most simple, especially for a startup that doesn't have any stable financial support. Moreover, it would be theoretically possible to simulate all of the more scalable functions of a neuropsychiatrist within algorithms, then upload them to the cloud and then moving the visual element and the method itself of working with the patient to a VR interface and using a system of sensors distributed all over the patient's body. But the massive amounts of data that could be entrusted to AI in the form of neural networks connected to Bigdata technology, saving and operating them in accordance with the law, which has already been implemented perfectly well in some AI algorithms is far from a trivial task…

7/08/21
Tags: vr-дизайнvr-технологииvr-шлемvr-реабилитациямедицинские гаджеты
Hubs: AR and VR Medical gadgets Lifehacks for geeks
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