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React Custom Hook: useDebounce

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In this article series, we embark on a journey through the realm of custom React hooks, discovering their immense potential for elevating your development projects. Our focus today is on the "useDebounce" hook, one of the many carefully crafted hooks available in the collection of React custom hooks.

Github: https://github.com/sergeyleschev/react-custom-hooks

import { useEffect } from "react"
import useTimeout from "../useTimeout/useTimeout"

export default function useDebounce(callback, delay, dependencies) {
    const { reset, clear } = useTimeout(callback, delay)
    useEffect(reset, [...dependencies, reset])
    useEffect(clear, [])

The useDebounce hook leverages the useTimeout hook internally to delay the execution of a callback function until a specified delay has passed. By doing so, it prevents frequent updates caused by rapid input changes or repeated events, allowing for smoother interactions and reduced resource consumption.

One of the main advantages of useDebounce is its simplicity and flexibility. By wrapping your callback function, delay duration, and any dependencies in this custom hook, you can effortlessly implement debouncing functionality without cluttering your component code. The hook takes care of managing the timeout and clears it when necessary, ensuring that the callback is only triggered after the specified delay and with the latest dependencies.

Where can you use useDebounce? The possibilities are endless! This custom hook is particularly beneficial in scenarios where you need to handle user input, such as search bars or form fields, where you want to delay the execution of an action until the user has finished typing or interacting. It's also useful for optimizing network requests, ensuring that requests are sent only after the user has stopped typing or selecting options.

import { useState } from "react"
import useDebounce from "./useDebounce"

export default function DebounceComponent() {
    const [count, setCount] = useState(10)
    useDebounce(() => alert(count), 1000, [count])
    return (
            <button onClick={() => setCount(c => c + 1)}>Increment</button>

In the example above, we showcase the power of useDebounce by implementing a simple counter component called DebounceComponent. Each time the user clicks the "Increment" button, the count state updates. However, instead of immediately alerting the count value, we debounce the alert function using useDebounce. The count value will only be alerted after a 1-second delay, effectively preventing excessive alerts when the button is clicked rapidly.

Full Version | React Custom Hooks

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