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7 Ultimate Programming languages For Mobile App Development

Python *JavaScript *Java *Swift *Learning languages

Do you know that 21% of people open an app 50+ times per day? Yes, you heard that right. With the rapid development of technology, the mobile app now made many things possible, which was previously unthinkable.

And that's why there is an incredible increase in the number of mobile users. According to a recent mobile app development stat, the number of mobile users worldwide is projected to increase to 6.95 billion by the end of 2020.

In the last couple of years, the mobile app development industry has grown manifold, changing how businesses function around the world. If you are planning to jump into mobile app development, then choosing the right programming language will be the most significant challenge.

There are more than 600 programming languages, and each one has its own perks and popularity. Are you pondering which language would be best for developing a stunning app?

Several factors come to mind when making this choice, but the most important one is the language's demand. Here in this blog, I have listed the best programming language for mobile apps in terms of popularity and demand. Let's start!

Top Programming Languages For Mobile App Development

Here is the list of best programming languages for mobile app development:

1. Java

Ranking first on the list of best programming languages for mobile app, Java is the most used app development language. James Gosling developed the Java programming language at Sun Microsystems in 1994, now owned by Oracle.

It has become prevalent today. According to a survey by VersionEye, which tracks open-source software libraries, Java has the most open-source projects by developers.

Java is the most preferred mobile app development language because it runs on all platforms, including all well-known Android. Many mobile app development companies prefer Java because it offers app developers with the flexibility to quickly develop error-free mobile applications.

As Java is the most established Android app development language, it also has the support of a large and vibrant user community that will help you overcome any challenge.

In addition to Android apps, Java is extensively used to develop games, embedded space, websites, server apps, and more. Besides, Java can be run either in a browser window or virtual machine that does not require a browser.

That’s why it is a highly flexible programming language in terms of code reuse.

Key features:

  • It can be used to develop cross-platform apps
  • Language is object-oriented
  • APIs are supported
  • Coding is made easy thanks to robust IDEs

Read more: Hire Java developers @60% less cost

2. Swift

Swift is the programming language introduced by Apple in 2014 and the language is specifically developed to work with iOS and OS X platforms. If there is a programming language that has the potential to re-shape the future, it is Swift.

Swift is designed to eliminate the possibility of security vulnerabilities. Now, mobile app developers are turning on Swift. Many businesses specialize in developing state-of-the-art mobile apps using this language.

As per TNW, Swift is considered the fastest-growing language. Google is also considering making Swift its first-class language rather than Java. Wonder if Google shifts to Swift, the demand for Swift apps will skyrocket, and there will be no other competing language.

One of the most well-known examples of Swift apps is the SlideShare iOS app, built entirely in Swift. As of now, Swift is only available for iOS development, but since it works on Linux and is open-source, anyone can use it.

Key features:

  • It is an open-source language.
  • This is a simplified version of Objective-C.
  • Easy-to-code.
  • Maintenance is super easy.
  • This is the future of iOS development.
  • It requires less coding as compared to other languages.

3. Javascript

Nowadays, JavaScript has become one of the leading mobile app development languages. It is best for cross-platform application development and web browsing. React Native is a JavaScript-based framework used extensively for the development of cross-platform mobile apps.

William Ting’s once said, “JavaScript will stay relevant as long as people use the internet.” It runs smoothly outside of the browser in other environments and can be compiled from a wide range of programming languages.

As per the Stack Overflow's 2018 survey, JavaScript has been the most popular programming language subsequently for six years among the developers. And about 65% of them have used it in the previous year.

The programming language is lightweight and is widely preferred because of its compatible nature with all browsers and its flexibility with the syntax.

4. C++

It is the most appropriate and robust programming language for building mobile apps for Android and Windows, and, primarily for low-level programming, it is still a preferred language on platforms for mobile app developers.

As a robust programming language, C ++ lets mobile applications be developed practically for every purpose on each platform. It may not be a trendy language, but it used to dominate the programming era even before the arrival of the smartphone revolution.

There has always been a demand for C ++. It is not just about developing mobile apps, but it is also a powerful language used in everything from finance to manufacturing to banking and many other fields.

Key Features:

  • It is simple and efficient
  • It is Object-oriented
  • Massive library
  • Portable
  • Extremely fast

5. Python

Python was created by Guido van Rossum and released in 1991. It is one of the best programming languages ​​in the market, helping Python developers build powerful web and mobile applications. The language is quite easy to learn and implement, which makes it the preferred choice among developers.

The best thing about Python is that it is considered ideal for both Android and iOS app development. It is excellent in terms of scalability and readability, making it a widely used language for cross-platform mobile applications.

Python also opens doors to multithreading and multiprocessing that improve an app's performance and command response. In another survey, Python becomes the most preferred programming language in the community of developers.

Salient features of Python:

  • The presence of third-party modules enables it to interact with most other languages ​​and platforms
  • Extensive support libraries
  • Open source and community development
  • Fast run-time, user-friendly, built-in data structures
  • The data type need not be mentioned; it takes the data type based on the assigned value
  • Portable and interactive in operating systems

6. C#

C # is another object-oriented language that is used extensively for mobile app development. It's a general-purpose programming language developed by Microsoft that is mainly used for the Windows Mobile platform.

Another feature of C # which makes it suitable for mobile apps is cross-platform development. Xamarin is the platform that makes it simpler for C# developers to create apps for Android and iOS. Other than mobile app development, C# is widely used in business and productivity tools, enterprises, games, etc.

After becoming familiar with C#, you can quickly develop mobile apps, desktop apps, games, and web-apps. Thus, considering the C # functionalities, it is going to be one of the top choices for mobile application developers.

Key Features:

  • Easy-to-use and a simple language
  • Used extensively in the development of large tools
  • It is a type-safe language
  • It is scalable
  • Access to .NET framework

7. Kotlin

Kotlin is a statistically typed, cross-platform programming language that was invented to be an alternative to Java for Android app development. It has also been introduced as a secondary «official» Java language in 2017. Kotlin can be used with JAVA to create more efficient and higher-performing apps.

The only significant difference is that Kotlin removes Java's features, such as null pointer exceptions. It also eliminates the need to end every line with a semicolon. Kotlin can also be used as an «entry point» for Android app development.

Kotlin has very clean syntax and simple code. It is interconnected and versatile that generates compact and cleaner code than JAVA. Thus, it is amongst the most popular languages used for Android application development.

Bottom Lines

With the best programming languages for mobile application development ​​listed above, I'm sure you can make a sensible decision about which language you need for your promising business growth in the mobile app industry.

Keeping all these languages ​​in mind, you can hire mobile app developers in India to let your app stand out among the competition. So, what are you waiting for? Choose the best programming language and give your business the most needed mobile application.
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