In this article, I will break down all the secrets of quantum computers piece by piece: what superposition (useless) and entanglement (interesting effect) are, whether they can replace classical computers (no) and whether they can crack RSA (no). At the same time, I will not mention the wave function and annoying Bob and Alice that you might have seen in other articles about quantum machines.
The first and most important thing to know is that quantum computers have nothing to do with conventional ones. Quantum computers are analog in nature, they have no binary operations. You have probably already heard about Qubits that they have a state of 0, 1 and 0-1 at the same time and with the help of this feature calculations are very fast: this is a delusion. A qubit is a magnet (usually an atom or an electron) suspended in space, and it can rotate on all three axes. In fact, the rotations of a magnet in space are the operations of a quantum computer. Why can it speed up calculations? It was very difficult to find the answer, but the most patient readers will find it at the end of the article.