Modern applications have lots of code. And the C++ language doesn't get easier. Nowadays, code reviews are not enough to fully analyze program code. Here's where static code analysis comes in.
Information Security *
Commercial static analyzers perform deeper and fuller code analysis compared to compilers. Let's see what PVS-Studio found in the source code of the LLVM 13.0.0 project.
For the first time PVS-Studio provided support for the CWE classification in the 6.21 release. It took place on January 15, 2018. Years have passed since then and we would like to tell you about the improvements related to the support of this classification in the latest analyzer version.
Only after I had published a post detailing three iOS 0-day vulnerabilities and expressing my frustration with Apple Security Bounty Program, I received a reply from Apple:
We saw your blog post regarding this issue and your other reports.
We apologize for the delay in responding to you. We want to let you know that we are still investigating these issues and how we can address them to protect customers. Thank you again for taking the time to report these issues to us, we appreciate your assistance.
Please let us know if you have any questions.
Indeed, I do have questions. The same ones that you have ignored. I'm gonna repeat them. Why was the fix for analyticsd vulnerability quietly included in iOS 14.7 update but not mentioned on its security content list? Why did you promise to include it in the next update's list but broke your words not once but trice? Why do you keep ignoring these questions?
After my previous post, some people have expressed doubts that such code can make its way into the App Store. It's understandable why they think this way. That's because Apple makes people believe that the App Store is safe by repeating it over and over. Moreover, they claim that they disallow alternative stores and application sideloading to keep users safe and otherwise they would be in great danger. Android has alternative stores and unrestricted sideloading, and have you heard about any kind of security problems with Android recently? I haven't. But it the last few months alone there were so many reports about security and privacy issues on Apple platforms. And the real reason that Apple doesn't allow any alternatives to the App Store is that they receive 30% commission on all purchases made inside any app and it's a tremendously lucrative business for them. They also enact censorship by choosing to allow or disallow any app into the App Store based purely on subjective opinions of their employees and managers.
So in this article I'm going to dispute the claim that the App Store is safe, voice my complaints about the App Store review process and provide a detailed explanation (including source code) how malicious apps on the App Store conceal their functionality from the App Store review team and are able to sneak into the App Store.
I want to share my frustrating experience participating in Apple Security Bounty program. I've reported four 0-day vulnerabilities this year between March 10 and May 4, as of now three of them are still present in the latest iOS version (15.0) and one was fixed in 14.7, but Apple decided to cover it up and not list it on the security content page. When I confronted them, they apologized, assured me it happened due to a processing issue and promised to list it on the security content page of the next update. There were three releases since then and they broke their promise each time.
Read more to learn the specifics of 0-day vulnerabilities.
Proactive search for complex threats seems to be a useful technology but inaccessible for many organizations. Is it really so? What do companies need to do to start Threat Hunting? What tools are needed for threat hunting? What trends in this area can be seen on the market in the coming years? These are some of the questions I would like to answer in my article today.
What is Threat Hunting?
Threat Hunting is a search for threats in a proactive mode when the information security specialist is sure that the network is compromised. He should understand how his network operates in order to be able to identify various attacks by examining the existing anomalies.
Threat Hunting is a search for threats that have already bypassed automated detection systems. Moreover, most often, you do not have signals or alerts that allow you to detect an intrusion.
From the SOC perspective, Threat Hunting is an extension of the service that allows you to counter any level of intruders, including those who use previously unknown tools and methods.
Threat Hunting can be based on some data obtained by a security specialist, or it can be based on a hypothesis. If after testing the hypothesis, the test gives a positive result, then later, it can be used to improve the processes and mechanisms of detecting threats. And also, Threat Hunting allows you to find blind spots in the security system and expand the monitoring area.
What organizations need Threat Hunting?
Proactive threat hunting is relevant to those organizations that can become the target of a complex, targeted APT attack. At the same time, given the trend towards supply chain attacks, a small company may also become a target for motivated attackers.
For the last five years, there have virtually been almost no global-scale application-layer attacks.
During this period, the industry has learned how to cope with the high bandwidth network layer attacks, including amplification-based ones. It does not mean that botnets are now harmless.
End of June 2021, Qrator Labs started to see signs of a new assaulting force on the Internet – a botnet of a new kind. That is a joint research we conducted together with Yandex to elaborate on the specifics of the DDoS attacks enabler emerging in almost real-time.
In April 2021 Microsoft announced a new version of its IDE – Visual Studio 2022 – while also announcing that the IDE would be 64-bit. We've been waiting for this for so long – no more 4 GB memory limitations! However, as it turned out, it's not all that simple...
If you are strongly interested in MISRA and would like to understand whether your project meets one of the MISRA association's standards, there is a solution. It's name is MISRA Compliance. PVS-Studio has recently learned how to generate the MISRA Compliance report. This article describes how you can use this feature. This can make somebody's life better.
With this API implementing two factor authentication (2FA) is easier than ever. Just in 5 minutes I’ll guide you how to generate and validate time-based one-time passwords (TOTP) for second factor authentication (2FA) in fast and secure manner.
XSS - or cross-site scripting - is one of the most common vulnerabilities in web applications. It has been on the OWASP Top 10 list (the list of the most critical security risks to web applications) for a while now. So let's figure out together how your browser can acquire and execute a script from a third-party website, and what this may lead to (spoiler: your cookies could get stolen, for example). And while we're at it, we'll talk about ways you can protect yourself from XSS.
ENCRY presents a new interactive identification protocol aimed at controlling the access of selected users to various resources.
Close your eyes and imagine Nice, a luxurious estate whose extravagant owner throws epic parties with jazz and fireworks every weekend.
To attend such a party is a lot of the elite. Invitations are sent out in advance, and guests do not know the names of other invited persons. The owner of the estate, the mysterious Jay Gatsby, an eager luxury-lover, values privacy so much that he is not ready to entrust the list of invitees to anyone, not even his buttress. Moreover, the owner of the estate would like the guests not to reveal their names when entering the property. After all, there may be the mayor of the city, or the chief prosecutor among them, and they would like to keep their visit secret. Unfortunately, the owner of the estate himself is so busy that he cannot independently check each guest at the entrance, especially since there are several access roads to his house. How could he solve this problem?
This project is aimed at creating an experimental device for emulating RFID labels of three widely available components. I simplified the explanation of the process so that it could be easily replicated. I also developed some helpful ideas along the way, including writing a special program for converting a serial number into the transmitted data, which will definitely prove useful.
We continue to develop PVS-Studio as a SAST solution. Thus, one of our major goals is expanding OWASP coverage. You might ask, what's the use when there's no taint analysis? That's exactly what we thought — and decided to implement taint analysis in the C# analyzer. Curious about what we accomplished? Read on!
And then I'll tell you how the sandbox works and give you some ideas for hacking.
The year 2021 started on such a high note for Qrator Labs: on January 19, our company celebrated its 10th anniversary. Shortly after, in February, our network mitigated quite an impressive 750 Gbps DDoS attack based on old and well known DNS amplification. Furthermore, there is a constant flow of BGP incidents; some are becoming global routing anomalies. We started reporting in our newly made Twitter account for Qrator.Radar.
Nevertheless, with the first quarter of the year being over, we can take a closer look at DDoS attacks statistics and BGP incidents for January - March 2021.
Somehow, it so happens that we write about our diagnostics, but barely touch upon the subject of how we enhance the analyzer's internal mechanics. So, for a change, today we'll talk about a new useful upgrade for our data flow analysis.
Why is it valuable to get into the Qrator Labs partnership program?
In Qrator Labs, we firmly believe that working together brings a better result. Which is the reason why, for years, we were trying to find meaningful partnerships with all kinds of companies. They either seek to provide their existing customers with the top-notch DDoS mitigation technology developed at Qrator Labs with many additional ecosystem solutions or want to succeed the other way around. By getting their product available for Qrator Labs' customers by integrating into the Qrator anycast filtering network.
GDB is THE debugger for Linux programs. It’s super powerful. But its user-friendliness or lack thereof can actually make you throw your PC out of the window. But what’s important to understand about GDB is that GDB is not simply a tool, it’s a debugging framework for you to build upon. In this article, I’m gonna walk you through GDB setup for reverse engineering and show you all of the necessary commands and shortcuts for your debugging workflow.
Enterprise policies are different, and in some cases weird. In this article, we will describe a very unusual problem raised by one of our customers. In a nutshell, the organization does not allow bringing any devices onsite, no smartphones, no mobile phones, and even no hardware tokens are allowed on-premises. At the same time, the organization is using Office 365 services from Microsoft and has enforced multi-factor authentication for all users to be activated.
To address this issue, our research and development team has spent some time and found a solution, which is a paper-based TOTP token. We are hereby presenting the solution, which is available for free (well, if you don't count the paper and ink cost).
Our solution is a web-based tool that generates the list of one-time passwords (OTPs) for an arbitrary seed. The list can be printed out and handed over to the end-users to serve as their second factor for authenticating in Azure AD with multi-factor authentication enabled. To associate this paper TOTP token with a user, you can follow the same procedure as with the regular TOTP tokens.
The procedure is simple, you enter the seed and click on submit to get the list generated. You will get a printable list similar to the one shown below for the next few days. By changing the number of future OTPs you can make the list longer or shorter.