# PopSci

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## What is to see under the Black Sun of Giedi Prime?

Easy
6 min
1.2K

The director Denis Villeneuve and cinematographer Greig Fraser in their Dune: Part Two movie made a curious decision to film the scenes on the surface of the Giedi Prime planet in the infrared spectrum. It turned out to have interesting aesthetics and there are some interesting related physics to discuss and speculate about how realistic the look of it is.

+7

## VERBAL CALCULATION (VC) IN EVIDENCE-BASED DSS AND NLP

Medium
14 min
304

S.B. Pshenichnikov

The article outlines a new mathematical apparatus for verbal calculations in NLP (natural language processing). Words are embedded not in a real vector space, but in an algebra of extremely sparse matrix units. Calculations become evidence-based and transparent. The example shows forks in calculations that go unnoticed when using traditional approaches, and the result may be unexpected.

The use of IT in Natural Language Processing (NLP) requires standardization of texts, for example, tokenization or lemmatization.

After this, you can try to use mathematics, since it is the highest form of standardization and turns the objects under study into ideal ones, for example, data tables into matrices of elements. Only in the language of matrices can one search for general patterns in data (numbers and texts).

If text is turned into numbers, then in NLP these are first natural numbers for numbering words, which are then embedded into real vectors is irreversible ed in a real vector space.

Perhaps we should not rush to do this but come up with a new type of numbers that is more suitable for NLP than numbers for studying physical phenomena. These are matrix hyperbinary numbers. Hyperbinary numbers are one of the types of hypercomplex numbers.

Hyperbinary numbers have their  own  arithmetic,  and  if  you get used to  it,  it  will  seem  more  familiar  and  simpler  than  Pythagorean arithmetic.

In Decision Support Systems (DSS), the texts are value judgments and a numbered verbal rating scale. Next (as in NLP), the numbers are turned into vectors of real numbers and used as sets of weighted arithmetic average coefficients.

+4

## Copy Trading: A Viable Earning Strategy or Just Another Broker Scam?

11 min
853

Hello everyone!

A year ago, I became curious about whether it was possible to earn money in crypto by copying the trades of other traders. Instead of investing money right away, I decided to thoroughly explore this by writing a parser that monitored about 2,000 portfolios in real-time over the course of a year.

Initially, I parsed the Traderwagon site, which unfortunately shut down. I then switched to Binance's copy trading, which was just starting out at the time.

The number of portfolios available for investment on Binance is continually growing; currently, there are over 10,000. My script only parsed a portion of these to maintain about 2,000 consistent portfolios. This was necessary to track changes in traders' positions at least every 20 minutes with the server resources I had allocated for the project.

There are several peculiarities in how my parser operates. For example, when a trader hides their positions, my script also closes them since it can't monitor hidden trades. When a trader significantly adjusts their position, such as a complete turnaround, the script exits the trade. I chose to save time on developing a more complex follow-algorithm and planned to refine it later if the testing stage proved successful. I also limited the time a trader could stay in a deal to a few days and forcibly closed positions if this period was exceeded. I observed that staying in a trade longer slightly increased the average profit/loss, whereas reducing the time allowed for reinvesting the same funds into a greater number of traders and their deals.

+3

## Unveiling the Technological Odyssey: Evolution of Weather Forecasting

Easy
3 min
245

Weather forecasting has come a long way from the days of observing the sky and relying on folklore to predict upcoming conditions. Advancements in technology have revolutionized how we perceive, understand, and forecast weather patterns. From the early barometers to modern satellites and supercomputers, each innovation has significantly enhanced our ability to predict weather accurately. Let's take a journey through the evolution of weather forecasting technology and explore how it has transformed over the years.

+3

## Symphony of Clouds: Interpreting Nature's Weather Signals

Easy
3 min
222

In the vast expanse of the sky, clouds weave an intricate tapestry that holds invaluable insights into the workings of our atmosphere. Far from being mere adornments adrift on the winds, clouds are dynamic entities that serve as indispensable harbingers of weather patterns. Their varied forms and movements offer a window into the ever-changing conditions of our atmosphere, allowing meteorologists to unravel the mysteries of weather forecasting with increasing precision.

Clouds, in their multitude of shapes and sizes, provide vital clues about atmospheric conditions, from temperature and humidity to air pressure and wind patterns. By understanding the different types of clouds and their characteristics, meteorologists can decipher the language of the skies, predicting everything from clear skies to impending storms.

+3

## Becoming a UX designer: why is it worthy and what do you need to start

Easy
6 min
407

If you are at the beginning of your educational path in IT, or contemplating about making changes in your career and starting learning UX design, you might have some doubts and uncertainties on whether UX design is something worth studying and working in right now. We can dispel your doubts: UX designers are very required in the majority of companies, since they help to make products appealing to users, thus raising the companies income and enhancing their reputation. Professionals in this sphere are in high demand right now, and

+1

## Exploring Oslo A Fusion of Culture, Innovation, Nature, and Weather

Easy
3 min
341

Nestled amongst the serene fjords and picturesque landscapes of Norway, Oslo stands as a testament to the harmonious blend of modernity and tradition. This vibrant capital city, with its rich history dating back over a thousand years, offers visitors an unparalleled experience that seamlessly integrates culture, innovation, and the breathtaking beauty of nature, all under the ever-changing skies of its varied weather.

+3

## Building firmware for Orange PI i96 (Orange PI 2g-iot) from scratch

Easy
14 min
891

Hellow my name is Dmitry. Once I bought "Orange PI i96", but unfortunately producer not update it firmvere very long. Last firmwere kernel version is 3.10.62 but kernel current at time this article writing (russian version) is 6.5.1. And so I decide build my own firmware from scratch, and do it from sourse completely.

+5

## Unveiling Switzerland: A Must-Visit Travel List

Easy
4 min
378

Switzerland: the very name conjures up images of pristine alpine landscapes, picturesque villages, and a sense of tranquility that seems to permeate the very air you breathe. It's a country that's often synonymous with beauty, precision, and adventure. Whether you're a nature enthusiast, a history buff, or simply seeking to indulge in some of the finest chocolates and cheeses the world has to offer, Switzerland has something for everyone. So, if you're planning a trip to this enchanting land, here's a curated list of must-visit destinations and experiences that will make your journey truly unforgettable.

+2

## Mechanism Attention, Networks with Attention

Hard
5 min
505

Mechanism Attention

Analysis of the principles of work in seq2seq tasks.
Mastering the lesson materials will allow you to study a more advanced technology: mechanism transformers

+3

Medium
5 min
520

RSS 2.0 specification was published in 2009 and hasn't moved from that point. The popularity and website adoption of this standard are dropping. People stop using it as it can't compete with social networks owned by big companies, and publishers stop using it is not rewarding. Let's review, analyze, and suggest a possible alternative to RSS. We will go from a concept to a working prototype.

+2

## The results of 7 Verilog meetups + the goals and the steps going forward

5 min
1.1K

Since the New Year we had 7 Verilog meetups at HackerDojo. We discussed the modern way of designing digital circuits using hardware description languages, the exercises on FPGA boards and the topic of microarchitecture. For the last two sessions we went over the most basic CPU core that can be used as a baseline for further exercises.

Now, in order to make progress toward the goal of creating new educational materials, it is essential for the regular participants to solve all the homework exercises (see the details in the post below) in parallel with studying the recommended materials.

The next steps are:

1) We are going to do weekly Zoom calls on Sundays, starting March 24, 2024 at 11 am California time (summer time). The link. During this call we are going to discuss the SystemVerilog Homework and the individual projects.

2) Once we develop more materials, we are going to organize a Show-and-Tell session in Hacker Dojo, for a wider audience. During the session several participants from the core team will present demos on various FPGA boards and explain to the curious how FPGA and ASIC work.

+3

## Chasing a dream: How to become Adventure Builder and make giant spider robot with your own hands

Easy
12 min
399

Have you ever wondered how difficult it is to turn something you have in mind into a real product? For example, would you be surprised to see someone controlling a huge iron robot spider that can turn on the spot and walk obediently to his pilot's directions?

To realize his idea, this persistent designer overcame many obstacles: he invented the mechanism himself, mastered the skills of aluminum welding, laser cutting, 3D printing, created a reduced prototype and built one. His project stands out even among the most interesting self-made devices you've read about.

Please sit back and relax while reading this rather lengthy article. During the scrolling through, you will learn about some remarkable inventor and his resourcefulness, irrepressible life energy and practical advice to help you realize your dreams, and someone, perhaps, will be pushed to tell about his own project.

+3

## Decoding the Science Behind Weather Prediction

3 min
378

Weather, a perennial topic of conversation, influences our daily lives in myriad ways. From planning outdoor activities to safeguarding against natural disasters, understanding weather patterns is crucial. But have you ever wondered how meteorologists predict the weather with such accuracy? Let's delve into the fascinating world of weather prediction and uncover the science behind it.

+3

## How to Learn Python FREE in 8-Week: The 80/20 Learning Plan

Easy
6 min
3K

I know it can be hard to learn a new programming language. In this article, I want to share my plan with you. It's a way to learn Python in eight weeks using videos, articles, and practice exercises. Exercises are very important because I think the best way to learn is by doing them.

I've created this learning plan for people who don't have much free time. You only need about 30-50 minutes a day and consistency. In my plan, I use the 80/20 principle, which will help you learn the most important things first and improve the rest through practice.

+2

## Learn How to Use ChatGPT in 2024: 2-Step Guide with Prompt Examples

Easy
3 min
1.4K

In this article, I will tell you all you need to know about ChatGPT, show you how to use it, and teach you the right way to ask your questions.

To learn the basics, you don't need to spend your money and time watching hour-long tutorials. You can grasp the essentials in just 1-3 minutes and then enhance your skills through practice.

0

Easy
3 min
1.8K

+2

## Giving and receiving feedback as a UX Designer: a short guide on how it should be done

Medium
5 min
253

Getting feedback on the design of a digital product from the other members of the development team, stakeholders and clients is an essential part of a UX designer’s job. Ideally, it provides constructive criticism of the design, helps improve the product and perfect it as much as possible to present the best result of work to the users. But getting feedback doesn’t always happen smoothly – when communication is not established properly or the goals of the process are defined incorrectly, things can go the wrong way. In fact, both asking for feedback and giving it requires following some unwritten rules in order to make this experience useful and comfortable for all parties. In this article we’d like to discuss two things: how to ask for feedback correctly and what to consider if you’re the one who’s giving it.

0

## Bootstrapping Azerbaijan as a new center of ASIC design + Verilog Meetup #6 in Silicon Valley

11 min
1.8K

Last week I was doing a seminar on SystemVerilog, ASIC and FPGA at ADA University in Baku, Azerbaijan. I will replicate the last two sessions of this seminar, on RISC-V CPU simulation and synthesis, at the Verilog Meetups on March 3 and March 10 at Hacker Dojo, Mountain View, California. For this reason I am combining the information about Azerbaijan and California seminars in a single post.